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Air France Shuts Down Low-Cost Carrier Joon

A number of low-cost European airlines have shown signs of trouble since budget airlines Primera and Cobalt shut down in late 2018. The newest addition to the list of small European airlines to fold is the millennial-focused Joon—Air France’s budget venture.

Joon was barely a year old when its parent airline announced last week that it will be absorbed into Air France. Although specific figures aren’t available, it seems Joon may have had trouble filling planes to see profitability, but that doesn’t seem to have been the prime problem. Instead, industry mavens believe that a “lifestyle” airline targeting millennials was a cockamamie idea from the start.

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Judging by the closure, Air France’s new CEO (appointed in August 2018) apparently realized that right away. The real problem may well have been labor issues: Joon’s cost advantage was based almost entirely on low cabin staff pay, a differential that probably threatened Air France’s already tense union relations that regularly spark lengthy strikes.

Even at the outset, the whole idea seemed based on hype rather than fact. Joon promoted itself as “a fashion brand, a rooftop bar, an entertainment channel, a personal assistant.” These promises were over the top, especially when the actual product was just another airline doing what other airlines do. If Joon had become a cash cow, AirFrance would have undoubtedly retained it—but it wasn’t.

The Cobalt default also follows the classic model of inability to fill planes at high enough fares to make a profit. It seems there’s too much low-fare competition right now, with lots of flights for both markets already existing on EasyJet, Ryanair, and others from all over Europe. Cobalt added little new to the mix and accordingly called it quits.

And industry watchers believe that the shakeout of European airlines isn’t over. There are still too many low-fare wannabes selling seats below costs. Be on the lookout for more announcements in the future—and you might want to avoid booking with small, low-cost lines accordingly.

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Consumer advocate Ed Perkins has been writing about travel for more than three decades. The founding editor of the Consumer Reports Travel Letter, he continues to inform travelers and fight consumer abuses every day at SmarterTravel.

By Ed Perkins

A nationally recognized reporter, writer, and consumer advocate, Ed Perkins focuses on how travelers can find the best deals and avoid scams.

He is the author of "Online Travel" (2000) and "Business Travel: When It's Your Money" (2004), the first step-by-step guide specifically written for small business and self-employed professional travelers. He was also the co-author of the annual "Best Travel Deals" series from Consumers Union.

Perkins' advice for business travelers is featured on, a website devoted to helping small business and self-employed professional travelers find the best value for their travel dollars.

Perkins was founding editor of Consumer Reports Travel Letter, one of the country's most influential travel publications, from which he retired in 1998. He has also written for Business Traveller magazine (London).

Perkins' travel expertise has led to frequent television appearances, including ABC's "Good Morning America" and "This Week with David Brinkley," "The CBS Evening News with Dan Rather," CNN, and numerous local TV and radio stations.

Before editing Consumer Reports Travel Letter, Perkins spent 25 years in travel research and consulting with assignments ranging from national tourism development strategies to the design of computer-based tourism models.

Born in Evanston, Illinois, Perkins lives in Ashland, Oregon with his wife.

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